Periodontal disease is the inflammation of the gums and bone supporting the teeth. It is caused by the bacteria in the plaque that naturally accumulates on the teeth.
During your comprehensive examination your dentist will have taken time to give your gums an assessment, and discovered if you have any gum disease.
During your STM appointment, your dentist will remove the plaque and tartar through a deep cleaning method often called scaling and root planning.
An ultrasonic scaler is also used which vibrates to break up the tartar using ultrasonic waves to kill bacteria. We also use hand instruments to smooth the tooth surface.
Root planning removes rough spots of the tooth where the bacteria gathers that contribute to disease. This process allows the gums to ‘shrink’ down to form a tight collar around the teeth.